Menopoz Kadınında Uyku Kalitesinin Saptanması ve Uyku Kalitesini Bozan Etkenlerin Belirlenmesi
AuthorÇetinkaya Şen, Yeşim
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This study was designed to determine the status of sleep quality in Turkish women of menopausal age group in an Afyon Province sample, and to determine the factors causing sleep disturbances in menopausal women. Women Diagnosing Form and Sleep Apnea Symptoms Determining Form, Menopausal Signs Screening List, Beck Depression Scale, and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index were used as data collecting tools. Sampling of the study consisted of all the women living in the district of 2nd Local Doctors’ Office who had entered menopause naturally or artificially with surgery and who had accepted to participate in the study. When calculating the demographic data of the women who answered the poll according to numbers / percentages, Pittsburg sleep quality, menopausal complaints, depression scores, and socio-demographic data, t-test, Chi-square, and Correlation tests were used. According to the results of the study, average natural menopause age is 46.70±4.44, ad surgical menopause age is 42.01±5.44. Seventy-seven point three percent of the women entered menopause naturally. The quality of sleep was bad in 73.9% according to Pittsburg Sleep Quality Scale. Sleep apnea symptoms were present in 42.4% of the women. It was found that variables like social security status, level of income, presence of a systemic disorder, using drugs because of a systemic disorder, marital status, educational level, working outside the house, was of entering menopause, receiving therapy for menopause, and continuance of the therapy did not affect the quality of sleep (p>0.005). Quality of sleep worsens with the increasing menopausal complaint scores (p<0.005). There was also a significant relationship between the depression statuses of the women and menopausal complaints and quality of sleep (p=0.001). Depression score increases with the increasing scores of somatic, psychosomatic and psychological complaints, which are subgroups of menopausal complaints. This increasing score causes disturbance of the sleep quality.
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