Üniversite Kampüs Kantinlerindeki Gıdaların Mikrobiyolojik Kalitesinin ve Gıda Çalışanlarının El Hijyen Durumlarının Değerlendirilmesi
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Bu çalışmada, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Ahmet Necdet Sezer Kampüsü’nde gıda satışı yapan 6 adet kantinden yaz ve kış aylarında olmak üzere 2’şer kez örnekler alındı. Çalışma kapsamında çalışanların parmaklarından, dilimleme tahtalarından, bıçak saplarından ve değişik gıdalardan örnekler alınarak Aerob Mezofil Bakteri, S. aureus, Enterobactericeae, total koliform, Escherichia coli, sülfit indirgeyen anerob bakteriler, Listeria monocytogenes ve Salmonella spp., açısından analiz edildi. İncelenen 100 adet gıda örneğinin %91’inde toplam Aerob Mezofil Bakteri (AMB) ≥103 kob/g, %21’inde Enterobactericeae, %64’ünde koliform bakteri, %14’ünde E. coli, %25’inde S.aureus ≥102 kob/g düzeylerinde bulundu. Gıda örneklerinin (tavuk şiş) 1’inden Salmonella spp., %3’ünden L. ivanovii, %5’inden L. seeligeri, %4’ünden L. welshimeri identifiye edilirken, sülfit indirgeyen anaerob bakteri ve L. monocytogenes saptanmadı. Bıçak örneklerinin %77.5’inde AMB ≥103 kob/g, %35’inde Enterobactericeae, %52.5’sinde koliform, %12.5’inde E. coli, %17.5’inde S.aureus, ≥102 kob/g düzeylerinde identifiye edildi. Yüzey örneklerinin ise; %55’inde AMB ≥103 kob/g, %29.6’sında Enterobactericeae, %37’sinde koliform bakteri, %11’inde E. coli, %14.8’inde S.aureus ≥102 kob/g düzeylerinde tespit edildi. Gıda çalışanlarının el örneklerinin mikroorganizma kontaminasyon düzeyleri sırasıyla; örneklerin %6.6’sında Enterobactericeae ≥2.5 kob/cm2, %8.8’inde ≥1.0 kob/cm2; % 4.4’ünde koliform bakteri ≥2.5 kob/cm2 ve % 15.5’inde ≥1.0 kob/cm2; %14.7’sinde E. coli ≥1.0 kob/cm2; %15.5’inde S. aureus ≥2.5 kob/cm2 ve %15.5’inde ≥1.0 kob/cm2 olarak belirlendi. El örneklerinden saptanan bu değerlerin literatürde belirlenen hedef değerlerin (<2.5 kob/cm2) üzerinde olduğu belirlendi.
SourceKocatepe Veteriner Dergisi
- Cilt 11 : Sayı 4