Effect of H2S and CO2 on Cement/Casing alloy interface corrosion integrity for cold climate oil and gas well applications
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CitationJustin Beck, Ruishu Feng Derek M. Hall, Aysel Buyuksagis, Margaret Ziomek-Moroz And Serguei N. Lvov, “Effect Of H2s And Co2 On Cement/Casing Alloy İnterface Corrosion İntegrity For Cold Climate Oil And Gas Well Applications”, 229th Ecs Meeting (May 29-June 3, 2016), Oral Presentation, San Diego California,Usa
A study has been carried out to investigate sweet and sour corrosion at the cement-casing interface for offshore oil and gaswells in cold climate. The test solution chemistry was determined by sampling pore water from cement exposed in an autoclavesystem to brine and CO2 at 100 °C and 10 MPa. The extracted pore water was used to define the composition of a cement simulated pore solution (CSPS),which was then used for the ensuing corrosion tests. Samples made of high strength casing steel, grade Q125, were exposedto the CSPS at 4 °C and 10 MPa in CO2-only and two mixed CO2-H2S environments. The corrosion rate measured in-situ with linear polarization resistance and electrochemical impedance spectroscopywas generally found to range between 10 and 20 μm y-1 after 60 hours of exposure, with the average corrosion rate decreasing slightly with increasing H2S content. The corrosion potential, measured versus a custom high pressure Ag/AgCl electrode, was also found to shift slightlyin the negative direction as the H2S content increased. The corrosion products were determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersiveX-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The corrosion products had the chemical compositions close to iron carbonate and iron oxide. Sulfurwas detected in the inner film region when H2S was present. These results were compared to the corrosion rates and Pourbaix diagrams modeled using commercial software.The reaction mechanisms are discussed in the paper based on the potentiodynamic polarization measurements and electrochemicalimpedance spectroscopy taking into account the modeled solution speciation of the CSPS and corrosion product film.