Effects of CO2 and H2S on corrosion of martensitic steels in brines at low temperature
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CitationR. Feng, J. Beck, D. M. Hall, A. Buyuksagis, M. Zıomek-Moroz And S.N. Lvov, “ Effects Of Co2 And H2s On Corrosion Of Martensitic Steels İn Brines At Low Temperature”, Corrosion, March 2018, Vol. 74, No. 3, Pp. 276-287, Doi = 10.5006/2406.
Corrosion studies were conducted for martensitic carbon steels in 5 wt% NaCl brine solutions at 4°C and 10 MPa (1,450 psi). These studies simulated different subsurface environments relevant to Arctic drilling. Here, two high-strength martensitic carbon steels, S-135 and UD-165, were studied in three different environments: (1) a CO2-NaCl-H2O solution with a CO2:H2O molar ratio of 0.312 in the whole system, (2) an H2SNaCl- H2O solution with an H2S:H2O molar ratio of 3.12 × 10−4, and (3) a CO2-H2S-NaCl-H2O solution with the same acid gas to water ratios as environments 1 and 2. Results from the CO2+H2S mixed environment indicated that sour corrosion mechanism was dominant when the CO2:H2S molar ratio was 1,000. This impact of a small amount of H2S on the corrosion mechanism could be attributed to the specific adsorption of H2S on the steel surface. Electrochemical and mass loss measurements showed a distinct drop in the corrosion rate (CR) by more than one order of magnitude when transitioning from sweet to sour corrosion. This inhibiting effect on CR was attributed to the formation of a protective sulfide thin film.
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